Vedabhoomi the land of knowledge that is one of the names of India and for a very good reason. If we turn the hidden pages of history long before the Islamic invasions and the European colonization.
India has been one of the very few civilizations which has a very advanced education system of that time.
I’m not saying this we turn back the pages of the history before 1080 that’s before Mughal invasions and the European colonization began.
Travelers from Europe Persia to china used to travel to India to obtain knowledge as part of this Vedic culture.
If you read the books written by Majestinis Alberni or Hyun sang you’ll get to know how advanced the Indian education system.
At that time was the knowledge of ancient India it is one of the most comprehensive and complex education systems in the world.
We know today has been largely preserved by the inscriptions on the temples manuscripts and verbally transmitted from a teacher to a student.
These are the three main sources from which we have been preserving the Vedic education system today now.
let’s see what they are for ease of understanding we have put it this way there are six broad categories of Indian scriptures which hold the entire knowledge system.
They are shruti smriti puranam and they cover a diverse set of fields of education like mathematics physics, biology, philosophy, astronomy, health sciences, linguistics, and many other branches of science and technology besides.
The theological concepts starting with the first one shruti is well known as the Vedas and there are four of them Rigveda, Yazuru, the Sama Veda, and rig means praise a form of expressing gratitude.
It explains the various hymns praising the elements of nature and the cosmos and the second one is Yazur Veda. Yazur means to worship. It explains about different procedures of worship of the nature and cosmos.
The third one is Samaveda. Sama means song it gives a music-driven canonical format to the other Vedas for ease of recitation.
The fourth one means a stable mind. It sets the rules for steady-state daily life activity that needs to be observed in Vedic culture.
All these four Vedas are not just like any other four ordinary books you will not understand a word of it unless you are blessed with a guru who can explain to you.
What each of these means and they are highly interconnected with each other further down if we look into any of these four Vedas.
It has four fundamental blocks arunika, brahmana, Samhita Upanishad supported by six external blocks Siksha, Vyakarana, Chandus, Nirukta, Jyotisha, and Kalpa.
We’ll keep it very simple not going to further details the four internal blocks of Aranyaka brahmana Samhita and Upanishads.
They describe the theosophical philosophical and physiological anatomy of the cosmos and the nature and the fundamentals of human existence in simple words.
It describes brahman which means the ultimate and the supreme power of the existence of the six external blocks.
Siksya, Vyakarana, Chandas, Nirukta, Jyotisha, and Kalpa are called Vedangas. They complement the knowledge framework of Vedas with different and intricate specializations.
Each as you see here siksha is the study of phonetics.
Vyakarana is the study of grammar.
Chandus is the study of linguistic rhythm prosody.
Nirukta is study of etymology.
Jyotisha is the study of astronomy.
Kalpa is the study of rituals all these Sikhs are called Vedangas and that’s how the four Vedas are supported by the six Vedangas and that is not all each of the four Vedas has four upavedas as offspring Ayurveda.
The study of life sciences ascribing to Rigveda. Gandharva Veda study of music art and dance ascribing to Samaveda. Dhanurveda study of archery and warfare ascribing to yazur Veda and Arthas Astra study of business administration and political sciences ascribing to Atharva Veda.
Now, this is the complete picture of what we call today in simple words as Vedas.
Smriti is authored by the sages and saints who mastered shruti which is the Vedas and brought in their experiences and revelations. It is much like a thesis that the sages on different branches of studies like theology philosophy science etc.
It completely subserves or ascribes to shruti which is the final authority. There are 18 such smritis written by different rishis and they are Atri, Viṣṇu, Hārīta, Auśanasī, Āngirasa, Yama, Āpastamba, Samvartta, Kātyāyana, Bṛhaspati, Parāśara, Vyāsa, Śaṅkha, Likhita, Dakṣa, Gautama, Śātātapa and Vaśiṣṭha.
The next one is puranam in very simple words puranam is nothing but a historical document often puranam is mistaken as mythology. But the fact of the matter is it’s a historical document that has a 10-dimensional feature in the 10r.
The first one is the sarga history of the creation of the cosmos. The second one is the visarga history of the creation of the world. Third rupti history of the evolution of the Life. Fourth Raksha history of sustenance of life. Fifth Antarani history of the time scale and how the time used to be measured in the past.
Sixth Wamsa and seventh Vampirina both explain the history of the lineage and the history of the dynasties, and that ruled Bharath since times immemorial.
Eighth Samsta history of the catastrophes all the natural calamities that have occurred in the past. Ninth Heitu history of the prime causes of those catastrophes and the last one is upper sarayah history of the supreme being or the different incarnations of God.
There are 18 such puranas all written by just one rishi sriver vyasa and the 18 are Bhagavata Purana (Bhagavatam), Vishnu Purana, Garuda Purana, Brahma Purana, Padma Purana, Narada Purana, Shiva Purana, Linga Purana, Skanda Purana(Kartika Purana), Agni Purana, Matsya Purana, Varaha Purana, Vamana Purana, Markandeya Purana, Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Brahmanda Purana, Kurma Purana, Bhavishya Purana.
The amount of knowledge in these Puranas is just incredible for instance.
Agni puranam explains about different varieties of martial arts we did a short documentary on dhanurvidham extracting details from Agni puranam and Dhanurveda Samhita.
The next one in line is Etihasa, Etihasa the word spells says which means this is how it happened of all the scriptures are the one which shaped up the ethos of India as we know today.
There are only two Etihasas Sri ramayanam and Mahabharata. These two scriptures are of the highest order which defined directed and driven the human values in India for thousands of years.
Bhagavad-gita which is the epitome of all the sacred scriptures is an integral part of the grand epic of Mahabharata. And the next one is Agamas, Agamas are treaties on theology epistemology and also describes the architectural principles of temple construction.
They are the rule books of how a temple needs to be constructed and the rituals in the temple need to be organized. All the magnificent grandeur of the Indian temples and the exquisite carvings that we have on the Indian temples.
The source code of all the beauty is from agama’s for instance Shilpa shastra. The branch of knowledge which deals with sculpting is from agamas and there are 77 Shakthi agamas, 28 shivagamas, and 108 Vishnu agamas so wide and so deep.
Siddhanta means principles, a set of principles in different fields of science and technology. This is the most interesting part of the scriptures for instance in astronomy itself. We have 18 Siddhanta which talks about
different details about planetary motions, geometrical principles, trigonometry calculus a lot more.
In this category, we have a huge set of scriptures that are in the fields of science and technology to name a few Sushruta Samhita by rishi Sushruta on surgery and medicine.
Aryabhatiyam by Aryabhata on astrophysics and astronomy. Addashastra by Chanakya on commerce and business administration. Pancho dhanta by varahamihira on treaties of astronomy. Rashindra Mangalam by Nagarjuna on the signs of alchemy and the list goes on and on and that is a very brief history about the Vedas.
The other scriptures of the ancient Indian education system for ease of understanding. We tried to condense a lot but it is so wide deep and complex all at the same time and the backbone for this entire education system is samskritham.
If we don’t have the competence of samskritam all this knowledge system is good for nothing. Let me give you one example and you will understand it here is a slokam from aryabhattiya written by Aryabhata.
Yes the same man whom we celebrate that he invented zero in this slokum he gave two scenarios, the first scenario is two bodies moving in opposite directions and the second scenario is two bodies moving in the same direction.
He says that time elapsed for r and b to pass through or otherwise is equal to the distance by some of their speeds.
In the other scenario, it is the distance by the difference of the speeds. In simple words he gave the equation of speed is equal to distance by time.
This equation of speed is equal to distance by time is the foundation for kinematics a branch of physics. Which is the heart and soul of everything that moves in this world. This equation is the foundation in the engineering of beat a car or a space shuttle.
This equation is a revolutionary discovery but if we don’t know how to read Samsung all this is good for nothing. According to the documented history, galileo Galilei in the year 1638 he published a book called two new sciences.
In this book, he first gave the formula of speed is equal to distance by time. Now don’t start judging galileo all his work is original and if you read this book you’ll get to know he did not get inspired by Arya.
But the fact of the matter is something that was discovered by Aryabhata in 510ce had to be rediscovered by Galileo in the year 1638. In these thousand years, the speed is equal to distance by time. The equation which is written in Samsung is locked up in aryabhattiya 1000 years imagine what could have been the impact.
If this was known earlier to the whole world all we know about aryabhatta is he invented zero but he has left us a wealth of information. Well, how many such equations and other scientific concepts are hidden in the Indian scriptures?
Which are written in samskritam waiting to be decoded well I’m not saying that all the great things in this world were invented or discovered by Indians but all the great things that were done by Indians are not known to the world.